9. SPECIALIST HITS
How to describe the sabotage of other 'non-standard' systems is
more difficult. You should be able to figure out what to do by
using the energy flow analysis of the system, and copying some
of the ideas applied to the standard systems described in the
In practice you may end up treating a complex machine - for example
a roadstone coating plant, as a collection of discrete systems
rather then as one entity.
Construction hoists (figure 27)
9.1 Construction equipment
Most construction equipment can be tackled with the information
already given in this Volume, and Volume I. But on construction
sites you often find hybrid machines - for example the hoist illustrated
on the following page.
A key consideration of hitting something like a construction site
is not only to consider the machines as systems - with energy
and material flows - but also you should look at the whole site
as a functioning entity. Material stockpiles are needed to make
the whole thing function. Likewise, machines such as cement mixers
can be as important as earth movers.
Tower cranes (figure 28)
There are a number of things you can do on construction sites...
- In the initial stages, you should consider moving the survey
stakes. Only move them a foot or so, and try to make the new 'positions'
look convincingly real. That way, if construction goes ahead to
you new 'plan', prefabricated elements of the development won't
fit. If there is not a lot of time just rip up all the survey
- Sand stockpiles are a good target. You could dig sugar or
salt (salt is better) into the sand. This will make the cement/concrete
weak. But for safety's sake, you should let the site operator
know this after they have used the material. In any case, you
might like to tell them even if you didn't do it.
- On many sites, pumps often operate around the clock to keep
deep excavations dry. You could sabotage the pumps. But there
is a more effective option where there is a large body of water
nearby - either a watercourse or a settling pond. Take the outlet
pipe from the pump and stick it in the hole, and the inlet from
the hole and stick it in the water. It can be sometimes quicker
and easier to just swap the pipes around on the pump. Either way
you pump the hole full of water.
- Scaffolding is a good target. Use a rope winch or block and
tackle (see Volume I) to pull it over - it you are lucky you might
take some of the work with you.
- A good target is the site office. You can either glue up the
locks, go inside and improve the decor, or try to demolish/turn
the office block over.
- Never forget of course the wide range of machinery available
to work on. This may be kept in a secure compound, and if so,
you should beware of alarm/security systems.
- Tower crane are a risky target - if you're discovered there's
nowhere to run. If something goes wrong then you are either stuck,
dead, or badly injured. Although you could disable the controls
in the cab, or try and cut the power lines, you should never attempt
to topple the crane unless you are absolutely sure you can do
it, and it will land where it will not cause harm to anyone.
- Whatever you do, do not leave things in a state where they
will be a danger to the workers on the site, or to the occupants
of the building when/if it is completed.
9.2 Quarry equipment
Quarrying is probably one of the most damaging landuses in lowland
meadows, and in hilly/mountainous areas. It is not only because
of the effect of quarrying on habitats, but also the effect on
water tables, and the land uses that follow such as waste disposal
There are four key targets in the quarry works...
- The earth moving/excavation equipment.
- The pumps that keep the quarry dry - if you are certain they
the site will fill with water quickly, or you can swap the pipes
on the pumps, then you can drown all the equipment in one go.
- The sorting/grading and crushing equipment - essential for
the processing of stone, and potentially easily damaged.
- The site office and weighbridge. Doing the site office causes
annoyance. If you can damage the controls for the weighbridge
then you really make operating difficult.
The only thing to beware of with quarries is making sure that
you don't get trapped. Especially in deep quarries, if your exit
is blocked, or if you fall into a pit with no escape, you only
option is to wait for the owners to find you.
9.3 Farm machinery
There are a wide variety of farms. Some have only arable planting/harvesting
equipment. Some concentrate on dairy products. Some intensively
farm just one type of animal.
In general, it is the intensive farms which present the greatest
offence to the environment. Not only is there the issue of animal
welfare, but intensive farms can also present a serious pollution
hazard to the soil, to nearby watercourses, and often create local
noise and smell nuisances.
When you take action against a farm, you must consider, first
and foremost, what you attitude to the animals is. You actions
may have implications for the welfare of animals - it may even
cause their deaths. You must decide if you wish to uphold their
right to life, or whether you believe that a short period of discomfort
will effectively 'end' their misery.
Hoppers and materials storage (figure 29)
There are a number of targets which you should consider sabotaging...
- Farm machinery is often easy to sabotage because it is less
- With things like livestock transport wagons, you have to decide
whether you want to destroy or disable them - disabling is easy. Causing fires on farms is a bad idea because of the presence of large quantities of flammable
materials such as straw, fuel or wooden buildings.
- Materials hoppers are a good target (see illustration on the
previous page) - these are often essential for the storage of
grain, or of food for intensive animal units. Puncturing the tubes
coming from the hopper leaks pressure from the system and prevents
material flow. Likewise, jamming/gluing access covers and valves
prevents their use.
- On many farms and barns the electrical systems are easily
sabotaged. In many cases the electrical controls resemble those
in your own home (see illustration on following page). Cutting
the 'meter leads' can be dangerous. You should attempt to remove
the mains fuse, or isolate the fusebox, and then clip all the
leads leading out of the fusebox. If you wear rubber gloves, you
could also take a sledgehammer to the fuse box and meter.
- Many farms have pesticide/chemical stores - these can be glued
up. Beware of any fertiliser bag that has a yellow diamond or
the words 'oxidising agent' on it. If you set fire to this stuff
it is difficult to stop, it burn intensely hot, and will create
a serious pollution incident if any substantial quantity catches
A word of caution though. Many farms have 'live-in' staff, and
so security can be a problem. Another recent innovation are 'trip
wires' and 'pressure pads' - these are linked to flares or squibs
and are meant to announce the presence of intruders. Although
not all farms have them, they are becoming increasingly popular
to prevent uninvited guests, thieves, or animal rights protesters.
They are very difficult to spot in the dark, and if you have just
spent twenty minutes quietly stalking up to a barn and you set
a thunderflash off it can scare the hit out of you.
Mains electrical systems (figure 30)
9.4 Pipelines and transmission lines
Pipelines and electricity transmission lines are extremely easy
targets to take on, but can be immensely dangerous. If you are
considering such things as high-pressure gas pipelines, or any
electric cable carrying more than 415 volts, my tip to you is
to forget it!! There are easier ways to die. But there are some
targets you can consider...
Mains voltage power lines (that is, less than 500 volts) are difficult
to cut - even with the standard household 240 volts you could
conceivable kill yourself. In these situations you should consider
'burning' through the cable - the simplest way to do this is to
place a blow lamp on the cable or pipe, and then retire to a safe
distance very quickly. You might risk 'chopping' them with an
axe, but if you cause a serious short the spatter of molten metal
could cause burns.
Low voltage power lines (less than 50 volts) can be easily cut
with cutters, provided that they have insulated handles, or you
wear thick rubber gloves. Again, beware things like high current
induction motors or welding equipment - these carry large amounts
of current which could arc and burn you.
Pumps are an easy target. You can either go for the motor driving
the pump, or you can go for the pipeline. There are two types
· Diaphragm pumps operate using an oscillating membrane and
two one-way valves. They can often be identified by the regular
pulsing and gushing of water along the pipes. If you can introduce
some long hard objects, such as pieces of stick or wood, these
can block the valves of the pump. Otherwise you should go for
the engine/motor driving the pump.
· Rotary pumps have a disk rotating at high speeds (the 'impeller')
which continuously sucks/pushes water - so you don't get the same
pulsing. The lack of vales makes them difficult to sabotage, so
you should go for the engine/motor driving the pump.
With both types of pump, they operate by generating a 'low' pressure
on the sucking side, and creating a 'high' pressure on the blowing
site. If you puncture the pipes on the low pressure side you let
air in and the pipeline loses suction. Likewise if you puncture
the high pressure side the pipeline leaks.
Diaphragm and rotary pumps (figures 31/32)
Coaxial cables (figure 33)
Coaxial cables carry radio waves, and are used on transmitter
masts, computer networks, and some radio intercom systems. They
can be easily cut with side cutters, or better still stapled with
a staple gun (this shorts the cable and potentially could wreck
the transmitter). Beware microwave transmitters - sometime these
use (waveguides) just behind the dish which can be dangerous to
your health if cut.
It is possible to cut high pressure pipes or high voltage cables
using some sort of chemical incendiary mixture, but this is still
very risky. You also have the problem that the chemical incendiaries
could burn away without breaking the pipe/cable, but causing serious
damage which may endanger someone. Also the chemical incendiary
could start a fire in the area, ignite the contents of the pipeline,
or if the pipeline holds high pressure the explosive breach could
throw burning incendiary incendiary over a large area and start
9.5 Commercial premises
Commercial premises present a challenge to the saboteur - but
many rewards. As security technology increase, even the most innocent
site office can have as much anti-intruder protection as you local
bank. This is because what is inside offices - computers, fax
machines, and increasingly data - is becoming more valuable and
Getting past security systems cannot be taught here - there is
not enough room, and you must learn some highly technical electronic
and computer skills. Sometimes it may be worth organising your
hit to take place within 30 seconds to one minute, and then just
smashing your way in triggering every security device on the premises.
If you can guarantee that security personnel will not arrive for
five or six minutes, then you can make a getaway.
There are also a number of targets you must consider. As noted
at the beginning of this section, you can treat something 'new'
as a set of systems, using the analysis described earlier in this
volume. But commercial premises present some very specific pieces
of equipment which you might like to know more about.
Forklifts (figure 34)
In many commercial/industrial premises, you will find some sort
of forklift truck for loading/unloading vehicles, or working within
stores/high bay warehouses. Forklifts are either electrically
powered using a battery pack, or they run on a gas engine, powered
by a bottle of compressed gas mounted on the back of the machine.
The illustration on the following page shows a typical forklift.
The control panel is simple, and easily accessible. But getting
at the electric motors and gearing mechanisms can be difficult.
Although many forklifts use cable or chains for lifting, some
use hydraulic system - in these cases the usual 'hydraulic' systems
Beware electric fork lifts - if you short the battery pack you
might have a small explosion because of the power the pack can
generate. On most battery fork lifts the pack has a connector
which pulls out of a socket and plugs into a battery charger.
You have the choice of either turning the charger off, disconnecting
the battery and sabbing the charger box, or disconnecting the
pack from the socket it plugs into on the truck, and smashing
this socket. Do not smash the plug connected to the battery pack
because this could cause a short.
Refrigeration systems (figure 35)
Another common thing to find in commercial premises is refrigeration
systems - used as either actual cold stores/fridges, or used as
cooling systems/air conditioning units. If you damage the refrigeration
system it can be a very expensive job not only replacing the system,
but also the goods which may go off when they warm up.
The illustration on the previous page shows a traditional 'domestic'
style fridge, but commercial units operate in roughly the same
way - they just have the parts arranged differently.
You must take care when taking on these systems because they contain
flammable gases such as butane, highly irritating gases such as
ammonia, or asphyxiating gases such as halon (CFCs). If you cut
the pipes and release these gases, you will have to evacuate immediately.
In practice it is safer to take on the electrical control systems
and put them permanently out of action.
Modern refrigeration systems use electric motors which drive specially
designed pump or screw compressors. By disabling the motor, or
is power source, you disable the cooling system. The problem comes
where the motor and pump form one sealed unit - in these instances
you can only disable the power source.
Another thing to consider, especially where machinery is involved,
is the effect that damaging the gearing and bearing systems will
have. The illustrations on the following pages show different
types of gear and bearing that you may see on industrial machinery.
Gearing and bearing systems (figures 36/37)
Gears are most easily damaged by breaking or denting the 'teeth'
on the cogs that make up the gear. Cast gears can be broken with
a lump hammer. Prising open smaller gear sets with a crowbar will
have an equally deleterious effect. Some gear systems are oil
lubricated, or contained within some sort of sump - in these cases
just put sand in the sump to act as an abrasive. 'Worm' gears
are particularly susceptible to having things jammed in them -
if you use some mild steel roads (for example short nails) these
work their way into the gears causing a jam.
Bearings are harder to damage, mainly because they are encased
inside the machine. But there they are visible you can damage
them using a hammer and cold chisel/centre punch, or by jamming
steel nails into the bearing. If a bearing is lubricated with
grease, try mixing 2 parts (by volume) of grinding/polishing powder
to 3 parts lubricating grease, and then apply this to the bearing.
If this goes unnoticed the bearings will slowly wear and begin
to rattle in their races.
9.6 High security compounds
Entering high security compounds - such as those surrounding military
bases, nuclear establishments or sensitive commercial premises
- is a bit like putting you head in a lions mouth. You have to
hope that is doesn't bite.
As noted with commercial premises, you could just rush the place
head on, do your work within a minute, and then get away quickly.
Sometimes that may be your only option, but there are alternatives.
A tactic within the anti-nuclear movement was to treat the high
security compound itself as the target. Thus you regularly set
alarms off, cut holes in fences, or throw stones at security cameras.
If this gets a regular occurrence, to the point where the staff
don't immediately react, this may provide a 'time window' where
you can actually get in and do some real work.
9.7 Marine targets
Marine target fall into roughly two types - things that float,
and things that are fixed to the ground but have water around
them. Floating things can be sunk - but this presents risks of
pollution and danger to people on the floating object. Things
that are fixed to the bottom are generally on interest because
of what is on them.
Never sink anything while people are aboard it. If you want to
sink something what you have to consider is how long the thing
will take to sink - this is important as it means that you can
guarantee that the object will sink within a certain amount of
time. First you estimate the internal volume the object - call
this V, and measure it in cubic metres. If we assume that you
are going to drill the hull of the object, then find the diameter
of you drill bit - call this D and measure it in millimetres.
Finally, work out how far below the waterline you are going to
drill the hole(s) - call this H and measure it in metres. Finally,
decide how many minutes you want the object to sink in, and call
this M. The number of hole you will have to drill to sink the
object in the required time is then calculated using the formula...
T = V / ( 0.009426 * D2 * H * M )
To simplify matters, the table on the following page gives the
time for an object to sink (right axis, in minutes) for a given
volume (bottom axis) and a drill size (top line is 5mm, next 10mm,
20mm, 30mm, bottom line 50mm). These calculations assume that
10 holes are drilled. For every extra 10 holes drilled, halve
Taking on fixed targets depends a lot on their nature. Docks and
quays present the obvious advantage that things can be easily
disposed of - into the water. Also, where you have a secure compound,
access from the water can get around many problems such as fences
and guard. But beware - some sites, such as military installations,
have nets and alarms to stop swimmers/divers, and on occasions
the security troops have used special stun grenades to disable
swimmers attempting to access protected docksides.
Sink times (table 0)
In terms of everyday hits, waterborne access can add a new dimension
to the planning of hits. For example, if you ever get cornered
and there is a river next to the site, you can jump in, drop you
tools to the bottom, and then float away downstream. Likewise
there are many sites - for example chemicals installations, that
are built on waterways, and have minimal security along their
water side because the water is assumed to be a barrier in itself.
One obvious safety point in relation to waterborne hits - it does
help if you can swim. Likewise, if you are taking a boat out on
the open water, make sure that you are skilled to handle it.